For the men who experience dry skin on scrotum, this article explains the causes of the condition including the red sack syndrome as well as scrotum skin rash.
Why are my balls dry and itchy?
Eczema is a term that encompasses some skin conditions. Areas of skin which appears to be either dry and scaly, or moist and also much inflamed characterize this particular condition. Eczema is very much common in children, but also people of all ages can develop it. As many as 17 million Americans have some type of eczema.
Sometimes known as “the itch that rashes,” this condition can start itching even before the rash is full-blown. Scratching the itch leads to the development of the rash. Eczema is not in any way contagious.
Eczema usually appears as being patches of irritated or reddish-gray skin. Over a period of time, fluid-filled bumps which ooze and crust over can then develop. Most people have periods of time when skin dries out and can also appear to clear up, only to have it flare up again in life.
Although it is able to appear anywhere on skin, eczema is normally seen on:
- back of knees
- inner sides of elbows
Scrotal eczema might spread to skin around anus, between buttocks, and also on the penis.
Symptoms of the scrotal eczema are usually similar in appearance to general symptoms of eczema and include:
- itching which can be intense
- dry skin on scrotum
- dry or leathery skin
- skin which oozes fluid and then develops blisters that are filled with clear fluid
- broken hairs
The cause of this condition isn’t fully understood even by the doctors. It varies depending on type of eczema which a person has. The skin of scrotum is more absorbent than much of your skin. This makes it much vulnerable to toxins as well as the irritants which can lead to eczema.
Eczema runs in families, so you’re likely to have the scrotal eczema if a family member also has it. Other skin conditions, such as the psoriasis or other types of eczema, can also cause scrotal eczema.
Additional risk factors are:
- history of allergies
- stress and anxiety, which can trigger scrotal eczema
- skin infections
Your primary care doctor can diagnose eczema by looking at the rash. If you have prolonged episodes of the scrotal eczema, you should ensure that you see a dermatologist. A dermatologist is a doctor who specializes in treatment of skin diseases.
Your doctor can examine your eczema and might then scrape off a very small sample of skin. A technician in a lab can study the skin sample so as to identify the source of the rash.
Dry skin on balls STD
Genital herpes is a viral infection which can be spread during physical contact with infected skin.
Your balls might feel very itchy or even uncomfortable when you are having outbreak of the virus. Other symptoms of the genital herpes are:
- feeling exhausted or even very sick
- dry skin on scrotum
- burning or itching especially around testicles and penis
- blisters around the genital area which can pop and thus become open sores
- pain while you are urinating
Gonorrhea is an STD brought about by a bacterial infection. It is able to infect your genital area and the mouth and rectum. It can easily be spread through unprotected sex.
Gonorrhea can make the balls itchy and also swollen. Other common symptoms of gonorrhea are:
- pain or burning while a person is urinating
- leaking discolored (green, yellow, or white) discharge from penis
- testicular pain, especially only in a single testicle
- dry skin on scrotum
Genital warts are brought about by the human papillomavirus. You may not notice genital warts even when you have an outbreak as they may be very much small.
Like warts on several other parts of the body, genital warts normally like small, discolored bumps which may not be itchy. They’re usually cauliflower-shaped and thus appear in large groups together with several other warts.
They can also appear right on scrotum or as far away as the inner thighs leading to dry skin on scrotum. When you are having genital warts, you can notice swelling or even bleed during sex.
Chlamydia is an STD which is spread through a bacterial infection. It is able to spread even if you don’t ejaculate during sex. Like several other STDs, it can also be spread via genital sex and also oral and anal sex.
Chlamydia can make your scrotum to be itchy and even swollen. Chlamydia usually makes only one testicle to feel very much painful and also swollen, which is one of the most distinct signs that you may have the infection. Other symptoms are:
- discolored discharge from penis
- pain or even the burning while urinating
- pain or discharge from the rectum or anus
Pubic lice are a type of lice which usually live in pubic hair around the genital area or in areas that have similarly coarse hair. Like several other types of lice, pubic lice normally feed on blood and can’t fly.
They only spread through coming into contact with a person who has them. This happens when a person has unprotected sex or through touching a person in an area where they have a lice infestation.
Pubic lice are not able to spread disease or infection when they feed on blood, but they might make your balls as well as the genital area to feel very itchy as they crawl around your pubic hair. You can also notice a powder-like substance in underwear or blue spots from louse bites and dry skin on scrotum.
Trichomoniasis is a bacterial STD brought about by the Trichomonas vaginalis bacteria. The infection more commonly affects the women, but it can also be passed to men via having unprotected sex.
Most of the people who get the infection never have any symptoms, but the infection can lead to inflammation which can make your genital area to feel uncomfortable and thus make it painful to have sex.
The infection can lead to dry skin on scrotum and several other symptoms, like:
- itchy feeling inside the penis
- discolored discharge from penis
- pain or burning while urinating or ejaculating during sex
Scabies is a skin infection which is brought about by a mite. The microscopic scabies mite, is passed when a person has direct skin contact with an infected person.
It can take many weeks for the symptoms to appear after an initial infection. Common symptoms are itching and also a rash. People having scabies also have intense itching symptoms especially at night.
How are itchy balls treated?
Treatment for itchy balls largely depends on what’s leading to the itch.
To treat chafing and irritation
Chafing and irritation may be treated with lotion which prevents your skin from rubbing against surface of another skin. Using bandages or even gauze so as to cover up a chafed, irritated area might also assist in making the balls to be less itchy.
To treat fungal infections
Fungal infections can disappear on their own, but you might require to be treated by antibiotics or even the antifungal creams as well as the ointments. See your doctor for antifungal medication if you believe a fungal infection is making the balls to itch.
To treat genital herpes
You might require to take antiviral medication, like valacyclovir or acyclovir, for a genital herpes outbreak. Treatment usually lasts for about one week, but you might require to undergo long-term medication if you get outbreaks much frequently.
Dry skin on scrotum flaking
Chafing or irritation
Dry skin around your genital area is very much common if you walk around in the dry heat. Exercising for longer periods of time can also lead to your skin getting irritated or even chafed. In some other cases, the skin might be rubbed away enough to lead to bleeding.
Some common signs of chafing and also irritation are:
- skin feeling raw to touch
- dry skin on scrotum
- redness or rash on skin
- surface-level cuts or openings in skin
Most of the fungi are almost invisible to naked eye. Fungi live in giant colonies which are barely visible, even when they’re living on body.
Fungal infections might easily develop around your genital area as well as the testicles if you engage in unprotected sex or even in poor hygiene.
One of the common fungal infections of genitals is Candidiasis infection. Candida fungi live in the body in intestines as well as the skin. If they grow out of control, they might then lead to an infection.
This can thus cause your balls to get very itchy. A different type of fungus, known as the dermatophyte, can also lead to a similar infection known as the jock itch.
Other symptoms include:
- pain while urinating
- burning around your scrotum and penis
- swelling of scrotum or penis skin
- dry, flaky skin
Dry skin on scrotum pictures
Why is the skin on my balls peeling
Jock itch with a rash
Jock itch is an itchy rash in fold of skin your groin. In men, the skin fold that is beneath the scrotum is normally affected also, but not penis. The skin over testicles is seldom affected. The rash is also red and slightly scaly. It usually has a very sharp border, demarcating it from your unaffected skin.
If you look closely at the border, you can see that the edge is slightly raised having small pimples. The rash usually spreads outwards and, as it does so, the center can clear. Both sides are affected, but the shape of rash might be different on each given side.
Jock itch is sometimes called the ‘sweat rash’, but it is not brought about by sweat. The actual cause is usually a tinea fungus – which is the same fungus that leads to athlete’s foot. In fact, jock itch is ‘caught’ from your feet.
Check between your toes for red, scaly appearance of the athlete’s foot. This condition is common in people who do a lot of sport, as it is caught from floors of the communal changing rooms as well as the showers.
What to do
Although sweat does not laed to the rash, the fungus thrive in warm, sweaty conditions, so you can assist yourself by:
- not wearing tight underpants
- wearing cotton underpants instead of the synthetic fabrics
- drying yourself carefully in groin and around testicles after bathing or even showering
- losing weight if you have a paunch
- looking after your feet to avoid athlete’s foot
- Putting your socks on before underpants when you get dressed, so as to prevent fungi from your feet getting inside your underpants.
Fungi thrive on skin which is slightly damaged. Skin damage is brought about by perfumes in soaps and shower gels, and enzymes in the washing powders. So you can help yourself by:
- washing using an unperfumed soap
- if you wash your hair in shower, not letting the foam run down your body into groin creases
- Not using ‘enzyme’ washing powders for underpants.
These self-help measures can discourage the fungus but will not eliminate it, so see your doctor for antifungal cream. Your doctor might then also check that the rash is not some other skin problem.
Jock itch without a rash
Sometimes the groin area might be itchy but there is no rash or even dry skin on scrotum which can be seen. In this particular case, a fungal infection is very much unlikely. Probably your skin is sensitive to soaps as well as the perfumes.
Lichen simplex chronicus describes the localized patches of lichenification due to rubbing and also scratching; the patches can then become increasingly itchy so it is very difficult to stop the scratching.
It might be a complication of atopic dermatitis. Well-defined papules as well as the bumpy thickened plaques are found mostly in adults on nape of neck, occipital scalp, forearms or scrotum. Widespread lichen simplex is usually known as neurodermatitis.
Red sack syndrome
The Red scrotum syndrome is a chronic condition characterized by persistent scrotal erythema which is associated with itching or a burning sensation and also hyperalgesia. It involves the anterior half of scrotum, and can also extend to its posterior part, and to base of the penis.
Scrotum skin rash
Rash in scrotal area can happen because of several reasons. Causes like the jock itch, eczema as well as psoriasis are to be considered under its differential diagnosis.
Strictly speaking jock itch is not a scrotal lesion. It starts in groin area that can later involve scrotum. It produces itch and redness in affected area.
It’s because of a superficial fungal infection known as the dermatophytes, which is brought about by Tinea Cruris. It is also called the ringworm, a misnomer as the causative agent is not a worm, but a fungus.
- Jock itch with a rash: https://www.embarrassingproblems.com/problem/jock-itch
- Dermatitis: https://www.dermnetnz.org/cme/dermatitis/dermatitis-overview/
- Red Scrotum syndrome: http://www.pcds.org.uk/clinical-guidance/red-scrotal-syndrome
- Causes and Management of Scrotum Skin Rash: http://buddymd.com/scrotum-skin-rash
- Top Tips for Testicular Itching: https://www.healthxchange.sg/men/prostate-health/tips-testicular-itching
- Why Are My Balls Itchy: https://www.healthline.com/health/itchy-balls#overview1
- What You Should Know About Scrotal Eczema: https://www.healthline.com/health/scrotal-eczema#overview1